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Plaza Dental Group: 1089 Jordan Creek Pkwy #100, West Des Moines, IA 50266

Gum Disease: Know the Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is the infection of the bone and tissues that hold your teeth in position. If the infection is not treated on time, the gums pull away or recede from the teeth and can cause serious dental problems. 

Types of Gum Disease

  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums or gingiva that occurs when plaque accumulates on teeth. It is a non-destructive and reversible disease. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis.
  • Periodontal Disease If the gum inflammation (gingivitis) is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. Periodontal disease causes the gum tissue to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets where more bacteria can accumulate and cause an infection. If not quickly addressed, it can lead to tooth loss.

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Gum disease develops when plaque formation extends below the gum line. The factors that cause gum disease include:

  • Poor oral hygiene that allows plaque and tartar buildup
  • Grinding or clenching your teeth
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain medications that affect teeth 
  • Genetics
  • Diseases that affect the condition of your gums, including cancer, diabetes, and HIV

What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

People who have gum disease can experience symptoms such as:

  • Swollen, red, or bleeding gums
  • Tooth sensitivity caused by receding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Gums that feel tender when touched
  • Abscessed teeth
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Deep pockets formed between gums and teeth
  • Difficult or painful chewing

Treatments for Gum Disease

Your dentist will recommend any of the following treatment options depending on the severity of your gum disease.

  • Scaling: Scaling is performed to eliminate the accumulation of plaque and calculus from the gum line and to smoothen the tooth’s surface. 
  • Over-the-Counter Medications: Your dentist may prescribe medications or a mouthwash that can effectively destroy the bacteria in your mouth. 
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery is required to decrease the progression of the gum disease and to regrow the lost or damaged bones.

Tips on Preventing Gum Disease

These tips can help prevent gum disease and keep your gums healthy:

  • Practice proper oral hygiene such as limiting the intake of sugar, drinking more water, and brushing and flossing twice a day
  • Quit smoking
  • Follow a proper diet
  • Avoid grinding or clenching your teeth
  • Rinse your mouth with mouthwash after eating
  • Schedule routine cleaning sessions with your dentist.

If you are looking for high-quality and effective treatment for gum disease, contact our leading dentist in Des Moines at Plaza Dental Group.

Plaza Dental Group

Plaza Dental Group is a leading group of dentists in Des Moines, IA that provides high-quality dentistry in a comfortable and stress-free environment. We have a team of caring and highly-skilled professionals that uses state-of-the-art technology and delivers excellent service to the patients. Request an appointment today!

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First class service, just ask our patients...
4.7
Based on 392 reviews
I feel like I need to give some background. I was having a hard time. A hard time for about three years. In that time I stopped taking care of myself. I just didn’t care anymore. But then, I did some work and decided I want toIn the time I was in a “3-year dark place”, I had stripped away the enamel on my two front teeth. It caused my two front teeth to become easily stained. In a very “lady, what’s goin’ on with your teeth” way. Did I mention I’m in a very customer-facing job?Today, Dr. Odland fixed my teeth.I couldn’t be more proud to smile today. I think I smiled so much others couldn’t help but also smile. It was a good feeling.Thanks doc. And my hygienist. I’m so sorry I didn’t remember, your name. (Abigale, maybe? Good lord I’m so sorry I didn’t remember) You were great! I appreciate you!TLDR: if you need a good dentist, you should go here.read more
Briana Carpenter
Briana Carpenter
Beautiful office with great people providing excellent oral healthcare!If you’re thinking about a dental implant, I recommend Dr. Jeremy Flinkman. I had zero pain when he placed the post into the bone. In three month, I go back to be scanned for measurements for the crown. Do not get a bridge - go with an implant.read more
Kerilyn Conrad
Kerilyn Conrad
Things went very well today. It should make getting the bridge done easier. Today was prep for the Bridge. Very easy and quick. Did not have to bite into a mold. Looking forward to finishing the process.
Chris Refsland
Chris Refsland
I had a great experience with my treatment at this place. They are the most trustworthy and clean team. Their hardwork will pay you off with amazing tooth for sure. I highly recommend this place and a must visit for any of your tooth work ! Thank you !
vijay purna
vijay purna
I needed to have a tooth extracted. Dr. Dietrich was amazing. She kept reassuring me during the process, which I really needed. She worked quickly and efficiently and treated me with respect and kindness. Not a fun process but she helped calm me.
Connie Scharlach
Connie Scharlach
I had the pleasure of working with Talia in my first appointment in years. She made me feel heard emotionally and financially while still being quick and efficient. Couldn’t have asked for a better reintroduction to oral health care.
Leana Bishop
Leana Bishop
Jillian repaired my temporary crown. She is extremely pleasant and very sensitive to her patients. She also is very knowledgeable and has excellent skills in performing her dental procedures. Definitely a 5 + staff member and an asset to the Plaza Dental Group team.
Victoria Arndt
Victoria Arndt
I started going to Plaza Dental group when unsatisfied with my previous provider. My experience has been fantastic. After only one visit the staff knew me by name and remembered small details about my life. They also informed of missing sealants my previous dentist had ignored. Since going for my first visit I have had most of them replaced, as well as a Boost Whitening Treatment from Manny. The staff is excellent, and I would recommend them to even those who don’t have cavities or staining. I fell into that category and have still seen improvement in what most people labeled as a perfect smile.read more
Levi Larson
Levi Larson
I had the best experience I have ever had at the dentist before! I had Becca for my cleaning and she was the absolute best. She was so kind and super cheerful and just an extremely fun person to have clean my teeth. While doing my cleaning, Dr. Jones came in to check my teeth and was super welcoming and made me feel more comfortable than ever, given I hadn’t been to a dentist in quite a few years and made me feel so good about my teeth. Overall, I can’t describe into words how absolutely amazing my experience at Plaza was. I will most definitely be back!read more
Spencer Barnes
Spencer Barnes
I had a great experience with Dr. Jones and Manny. I had several procedures, and they took extra care each time, ensuring my comfort, understanding of the work, and smooth recovery. Great results and professional care. Absolutely recommended.
Eric Thortsen
Eric Thortsen
Everyone at Plaza Dental has been friendly and makes coming to the dentist a positive experience. Currently doing SureSmile aligners and treatment cost has been very affordable! I would recommend Dr. Odland and his team!
Breyonna Peckham
Breyonna Peckham
The hygienist and Dr are excellent. Friendly, thoughtful (what station of music would you like to hear for example) competent.I bounced around a few dentists after mine retired and am glad I found this group. Highly recommended.
Rose Mitchell
Rose Mitchell
I’ve been a patient at Plaza for over a decade. The staff is so friendly, the location is easy to access, and scheduling/rescheduling is simple and convenient. I used to hate going to the dentist but they have helped me feel comfortable with the process and confident with my smile.
Bethany Arganbright
Bethany Arganbright
All staff & dentist were very good, very helpful & they all had very nice personalities. They were knowledgeable & through. Refered me to a surgeon that could maybe help me with implants. Kudos plaza dental
Deb Stineman
Deb Stineman
I had a fear of Dentist but after my visit there it was awesome. The staff was amazing and so welcoming and friendly. Susie was the best im from Louisiana and she played some Zydeco music for me this place is amazing. The hand wax was the icing on the cake.
murrell roland
murrell roland
I highly recommend Dr. Odland. His ability to be personable and professional is exceptional! He made me feel comfortable and confident regarding my dental decisions. In addition, Noel, Carley, and Erin have been wonderful. I’ve also had a great experience with Rick. Destinae always checks you in with a smile.read more
Cheryl Fontanini
Cheryl Fontanini
Amazing team, They take the time to listen to your concerns and understand your concerns. They go above and beyond to insure you are comfortable and really get to know you.
holly schelle
holly schelle
Rick gave us a great referral to help us with getting my husband's dentures so he can have teeth again! The staff were friendly and made us feel respected.
Nancy Costa
Nancy Costa
I love coming to Plaza Dental. The people are so friendly and welcoming. Lacey is fantastic. She loves her job and her patients. I appreciate her and all she does to make me feel comfortable . She is the very best !!!
kathy and tim meyer
kathy and tim meyer
As usual, I only waited a few minutes until Talia came to bring me to the back. The treatment itself was pleasant and efficient and everybody was very friendly and helpful. I definitely recommend this place!
Martina Walther
Martina Walther

Contact Us

1089 Jordan Creek Parkway, Suite 100, West Des Moines, IA 50266

Opening Hours

  • Mon - Wed 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

  • Thursday 8:00 am - 3:00 pm
  • Friday 8:00 am - 12:00 pm
  • Sat - Sun Closed

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